( ) Expanded abbreviation
[ ] Scribal erasure
[ / ] Scribal erasure and correction (left of slash left
blank if erased letter is illegible, recorded if it is legible — e.g. [h/d]omini for scribal correction of h to d)
[[ ** ]] Portion of text lost through damage and
illegible. Number of asterisks = approximate number of lost letters, where possible to estimate. Otherwise leave space between brackets blank.
/ \ Scribal insertion on the line
\ / Scribal insertion between the lines
\\ // Scribal insertion in margin
What is vHMML School?
School teaches about scripts and manuscripts, introducing learners to the sciences of paleography and codicology. Choose a manuscript culture and follow the development of scripts through the centuries. Lessons include simple exercises to help you grasp important concepts. Lessons on Latin Scripts do not necessarily require a knowledge of Latin.
Transcribing Manuscripts offers a chance to practice reading the scripts covered in the Scripts and Manuscripts lessons. Each transcription exercise includes an answer key. The lessons in Transcribing Latin or Syriac Manuscripts assume a knowledge of Latin or Syriac respectively.