Arabic Paleography

Basics

The origins and development of the Arabic writing system.

9th-10th centuries

Manuscripts from Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Sinai, among the oldest to survive.

11th-13th centuries

The development of a standard form of Naskh script.

14th-16th centuries

Demonstrating variations in formality of script and position of letters.

17th-18th centuries

More examples of variation and of more casual script-types used in colophons and notes.

19th-20th centuries

A mix of informal and formal scripts, with many colophons and notes.